Pest Control Specialist

Pest Profiles


Rodents


  • Rodents

    PROFILE

    Rats and mice are common pests; they successfully co-habit with humans, eating whatever food they can find and sharing the shelter of our buildings.


    Rodents contaminate more food then they eat and in doing so, many diseases are transmitted. In conjunction with the rat flea, rats were responsible for the deaths of 25,000,000 Europeans from Bubonic Palgue.

BIOLOGY

They are common in the major population centres in Australia and most countries of the world. As climatic conditions become less favourable during the onset of winter, rodents move indoors for both food and shelter. In commercial premises, rodents can be a year-round problem and mice can attain plague proportions in rural areas.


Nests are made of soft materials such as shredded paper or fabrics, close to areas where they scavenge for food and water. The female is capable of giving birth to 4-6 litters a year, each litter containing 5-10 young, which themselves are capable of reproduction three months after birth. Within a year, the progeny of single pair of rodents can number 400-700.


Rodents actively forage for food at night using the same routes to and from the food sources. Their diet includes food material of both plant and animal origin and, for rats, water is necessary. Mice can obtain enough water from food, provided it is moist enough.


Although the vision of rodents is poor, their senses of smell and taste are so highly developed they can detect minute quantities of chemicals in foodstuffs; this can lead to "bait shyness". Their whiskers and guard hairs enable them to feel their way in their preferred darkness with little difficulty.


SPECIES

There are three major species of Rodents in Australia. They are the Norway Rat, the Roof Rat, and the House Mouse.


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